For those of you who have never learned about the three branches of Government in the United States, or for those of you who need a quick refresher, the three branches of government are: The Judicial Branch, the Legislative branch, and the Executive branch.
While that is good to know, there is a lot more to the three branches of government than just being able to name them. For example, “What are they for?”; “How do they work?”; “Who works in each branch?”
These are the questions that we should be asking ourselves, that a lot of us do not. Knowing this information is a part of knowing your rights, and where those rights come from. Each branch has a variety of powers and duties that are important to be aware of.
If you would like to obtain more knowledge on the three branches of Government, then you have come to the right place. While this article will not go in complete depth of each branch (there will be a separate article for each of the three branches coming soon), it will give you an overview of what kind of powers each of these three branches have.
With that being said, Let’s get started!
The judicial branch is where the Supreme Court resides. The Supreme Court consists of 9 Supreme Court Justices. The president appoints the Supreme Court Justices (but the senate must approve of them). The Justices will have that job the remainder of their lives.
The Supreme Court is higher than any other court in the country. It receives its’ judicial power from Article III of the Constitution.
The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction over cases that it handles. Original jurisdiction means that particular cases are strictly reserved for the United States Supreme Court. Those cases can be found in Article III, Section 2 of the Constitution.
Appellate jurisdiction means that cases can go to the Supreme Court through Writ of Certiorari and Appeal. Cases that try to get to the Supreme Court through appellate jurisdiction, can only get to the Supreme Court through those two forms.
The Supreme Court has the duty of determining if the law in question is applicable, if it is being applied correctly, if it is deterring from the constitution, and so on.
The legislative branch creates laws, and it is where Congress sits. Congress is broken up into two entities: The House of Representatives, and the Senate. The House of Representatives contains 435 representatives (there are one or more representatives from each state) and the Senate has 100 affiliates.
Congress holds a lot of different powers. An important power congress has, is the necessary and proper power. This particular power allows congress to enforce the powers already granted in the constitution to all of the branches of the federal government, in order to create “necessary and proper” laws.
Congress has: commerce power, bankruptcy power, property power, and spending power, among many others. Congress’ powers can be found in Article I, Section 8 of the constitution.
Finally, there is the executive branch. The executive branch is where the President of the United States holds power. The president is the face, and one of the main leaders of our country. He has an array of different powers.
The president has veto power, the ability to pardon, removal power, treaty power, and so much more.
There is a misconception about the president’s role in regards to the military. While the President is the Commander in Chief, the president does not have the power to declare war. However, he does have military powers.
The powers of the executive branch can be found in Article II, Section 1 of the United States Constitution.
This is just a taste of what how the three branches of government operate. It is important to know who is in charge of how your country functions. I encourage each of you to research these three branches of government at least one or twice a month. Whether you are looking at current news, how these branches function, or even random facts about these branches, – just keep learning. How these branches decide on laws, cases, and controversies, affect your future. To learn more, USA.gov has a ton of information on the 3 branches.