Law Career Options

When most people hear the word ‘lawyer,’ they immediately imagine someone in a wig, pacing around the courtroom and using impeccable language to either prosecute or defend. Well, this is true to a large extent as the field that takes the largest number of lawyers is Criminal Law. Aside from it, however, are more areas of practice that a Law School Graduate can offer service. Here are some of them:

law office on window

Environmental Law

The United States and the world over are giving increased priority to environmental protection. Over the last two decades, the threat of global warming in the wake of high industrialization has led to more “green” companies focusing on renewable energy and robust environmental policies.

Most of these companies need to work under certain regulatory requirements. In this regard, they require attorneys to act as advisors as well as represent them in any policy-making. Environmental lawyers can also work in the government under the Protection Agencies put in place.

Family Law

Family Law is about dealing with cases that involve members of a family. It could be in the area of succession or divorce law, which has grown steadily in recent years owing to the large number of divorces in the United States. Family law also encompasses issues such as child abuse, child support, and custody among others.

To be a family lawyer, one must develop strong communication skills to address their clients, the jury or the judge.

Development Agencies

Working with non-governmental organizations is another option that Law School Graduates should consider. There’s a variety of NGO’s which deal with different aspects in society. Some are Human Rights Organizations, and others are international organizations such as the U.N

Conflict Resolution

Lawyers are required in areas experiencing conflict in one form or the other to put their legal knowledge into practice. Their expertise could also come in handy in guiding the negotiation and mediation processes between warring parties.

IT, Banking and Finance

Technology Law is the new talk in town given the evolution of consumerization to software-based products and services. It offers a great opportunity to lawyers who can specialize in I.T Law.

The banking and finance sector is also experiencing dynamic changes, what with crypto-currency and risks that come with it. Where they face the likelihood of suing or being sued, banks need expert lawyers to defend them and protect their interests. Aside from this, the old issues of taxes and managing small businesses as well as large estates still need legal interventions.

Becoming A Police Officer

The work of a police officer is noble and requires a lot of dedication. It also requires a lot of preparation. To become a police officer in the United States, there are certain conditions you will have to fulfill.

1. Maintain a clean criminal record
If you plan on pursuing a career in law enforcement at any point in your life, you will have to be careful to stay clear of any criminal activity. Since police officers are usually required to be people of high moral standards, a background check is usually undertaken on anyone who desires to join the force.

Any form of criminal activity detected will surely be a deal breaker.

2. Maintain good credit
Apart from checking for past criminal activity, the police force will also check the state of your credit before recruiting you. This ensures that they don’t recruit people with issues such as a tendency to accumulate debt or gambling.

Therefore, if you plan on joining the police force, it is advisable that you start building good credit as soon as possible.

3. Meet the minimum requirements
In order to even be considered to be a police officer, you will have to satisfy the following requirements:
• Be at least 18 years old. You will have to confirm this age limit with the department you want to join as there are some that require you to be at least 21 years
• Be a resident of the country in which you live and are applying to be a police officer (USA)
• Have a valid driving license
• Have good command of the English language and be physically capable of being a police officer
• Have at least a high school diploma or GED

4. Garner some relevant experience
To be prepared for time in the force, it is advisable to garner some relevant experience. Some people choose to join the military while others look for government jobs that improve their communication skills.

Also, you can decide to get some higher education. Although it is not compulsory to have a college degree to be accepted into the police force, it will help give you a competitive advantage. Courses like criminal justice, law enforcement, and pre-law go a long way in preparing you for the job of a police officer.

5. Attend a police academy
After much preparation, you can then apply for a police academy of your choice. You will then have to go through screening tests. If you pass them, you will be allowed to attend the academy. After you graduate, you can then look for a job as a full-fledged officer of the law.

cadets graduation police academy

Top 10 Tips to Perfect Your Resume After Law School

1. Showcase your success. This is your time to shine. Mention all of your honors and awards. Highlight a high GPA. Additionally, indicate if you received the highest grade in any class.

2. Make your work experience relevant. You can make any work experience seem relevant. For example, if you worked in retail, you probably have customer service skills. If you were a manager, you probably have experience supervising others. Highlight your skill set because potential employers like to see a diverse range of skills.

3. Mention your extracurricular activities. Listing your extracurricular activities help demonstrate that you can handle more than one thing at a time. This will help employers see that you can prioritize and balance your time.

4. Highlight your relevant coursework. Detail any courses that might impress a potential employer. For example, if you are applying for a job in bankruptcy, mention your relevant courses in tax law.

5. Add your hobbies and interests. Mentioning your hobbies and interests will help the conversation flow during your interview.

6. If possible, keep it to one page. Potential employers don’t want to read to read a book before interviewing you. Keep it to the point. One page is ideal. Two pages is the maximum.

7. Keep the formatting simple. Make your resume easier to read by keeping the formatting simple. Use a professional font, such as Times New Roman. Add breaks between paragraphs where possible. Make sure that all of your margins line up.

8. Ask a friend to review it. Get feedback from at least one friend. Having a second set of eyes never hurt.

9. Ask your law school to review it. Get feedback from your law school. Most law schools have a career service department that will critique your resume for free. Take advantage of it.

10. Proofread it again and again. The importance of proofreading cannot be stressed enough. Proofread your resume at least five times. Potential employers may pass over your resume if they catch a typo.

If any active attorneys out there have some more tips, feel free to comment!

Should Smoking in Public Places be Banned

A while back, I wrote an article about smoking that explained why I think that smoking should be illegal. Now, I want to take that topic a step further. Smoking is legal, and that will probably not change anytime soon. However, I hope that there can at least be some changes made that decrease the number of smokers that affect non-smokers. That being said, I think that smoking in public places should be banned.

The older I get, the more I realize just how much I cannot control other people’s actions. It’s not my place to do so in the first place, and I should not waste time and energy trying to make someone understand my views and morals. All I can do is control me. While that is a mature way to handle things, I feel that that way of thinking changes when people start affecting your life with their lifestyles. Smoking is a prime example of that. When people smoke in public places it affects me, and it affects others. I don’t like that smell around me. It leaves me with an uncomfortable feeling. I also don’t like it floating around at restaurants. Even though restaurants give smokers a designated place to smoke, I can still smell the smoke when I choose to eat outside. I do not like that. I also do not like smelling it when I go to stores, the movies, etc. I certainly do not like seeing chefs and workers on their smoke break at a business establishment.

It is a choice to smoke. Smoking is, in my opinion, a negative habit that causes more harm than good. If a person wants to smoke in his or her home, then they have that right, and no one should tell them otherwise. But if they want to take their habit out into the public, then I start having an issue. There all kinds of laws that ban random things, why can there not be a law that bans something as serious as this? The law would not ban smokers from smoking, it would just ban them from smoking in public places. What are your thoughts?

Mock Trial in Law School

For a while, I was not sure if I wanted to be a litigator. When I joined my schools mock trial competition team, I was on the fence about whether I wanted to be a litigator. Now, I definitely want to be a litigator. Why am I saying all of this? I am saying all of this because mock trial, whether you decide to litigate or not, is one of the best things that you can do while you are in law school.

If anyone were to ask me if I think that they should try-out for their law schools mock trial team, I would tell them, without a doubt, yes. Participating in mock trial was an experience that provided me with lessons that I can take everywhere, and in every field.

Allow me to tell you a little bit about my background. I grew up performing. I have been doing musicals since I was 5. I have been in front of the camera and I have been behind the camera. I have danced ballet on a stage, and I have sung “School House Rock” songs on a stage. I love being on stage. I have let my nerves get the best of me at times, but overall, I have always felt like the stage was my home. Those performing skills have allowed me to be a confident speaker. I have spoken in front of large crowds, small crowds, medium crowds – all kinds of crowds.

image of a law school

All of that being said, mock trial was a whole different beast for me to conquer. Mock trial not only required me to speak in front of people and engage a jury, but I also learned that I had to think on my feet, know my evidence, know the case better than my opponent, know when to object, communicate with my team – just a list of amazing skills that I would have never obtained had I not been in mock trial. I learned that I was not great at thinking on my feet. A flaw that a hated, but also a flaw that I am always aware of now, and that I will be constantly working on. Mock trial allowed me to face a lot of fears that I did not know that I had. It created a confidence in me that I realized I really needed.

If you want to be a litigator, you should definitely participate in mock trial. But even if you do not want to be a litigator, I still think that you should participate in mock trial. At least try out!

I would like to add one more thing. Mock trial is a huge time commitment. It may affect your grades, and a lot of other things that you want to do, if you do not know how to manage your time. I would keep that in mind before trying out. However, please note that many people participate in mock trial, and they are able to manage everything else. It can be extremely stressful, but it is definitely worth it.

So yes, if you are ready to make the commitment, participate in mock trial at your law school. It will change your life.

Autonomous Cars – The Coming Legal Battle

Autonomous automobiles used to be the work of science fiction, thought of as a far-away fantasy never to be achieved. In today’s day and age, however, the technology for autonomous cars is already here, and it’s only getting better. How will the rise of driver-less vehicles impact American society, and the American judicial system?

Autonomous vehicles stand to revolutionize the very fabric of our society, regardless of how widespread they become. Even if experts and industry leaders are wrong, and autonomous vehicles don’t become the norm for travel and business, the mere presence of one autonomous vehicle necessitates a change in our legal and political systems.

Currently, huge sums of time and money are spent navigating legal issues of insurance for both vehicles and people. Should autonomous cars and trucks soon populate our roads and highways, lawyers and courts will no doubt find themselves inundated with a plethora of cases similar to today’s personal injury cases in the event of a car accident.

How will courtrooms react to data collected by these vehicles? How will lawyers formulate and present cases against robotic vehicles? These questions, and more, should be at the forefront of any would-be legal scholar’s mind.

It is likely that autonomous vehicles will be safer and more efficient drivers than humans could ever hope to be, though this doesn’t mean car accidents will cease to happen. Personal injury and insurance lawyers will soon go toe-to-toe with the manufacturers of these vehicles when they seek restitution, and both federal and state governments will be called upon to regulate the industry.
Questions abound over liability for the actions of a robotic vehicle. If an autonomous car crashes into a group of pedestrians, or strikes another vehicle operated by a human, who is held at fault? Will companies be able to seek restitution should a human driver disable or destroy their autonomous vehicle, given that no human life was endangered? This bizarre mix of property, criminal, and personal injury law will only grow more and more complex as time goes on and technology advances.
Society will continue to struggle with these questions as it does over similar ones related to automation; how will truckers, who make up a bulk of new jobs in many U.S. states, legally deal with being replaced by machines?

What are your thoughts on autonomous vehicles? Should they be permitted and encouraged, or restricted?

Pros and Cons of Contingency Fees

picture of a lawn firm office sign

What is a Contingency Attorney Fee?

A “contingency fee” is a retainer arrangement in which the lawyer only gets paid if he wins. Under this arrangement, the lawyer gets a certain percentage (typically one-quarter to one-third) of the money he or she wins for the client. In other words, the attorney get a piece of the prize. If the case is lost, neither the attorney nor the client get paid.

Lawyers typically only offer contingency fee arrangements where the client seeks to recover money. Contrary to popular belief, contingency fees are only common in a few areas of law, including personal injury, products liability, Workers’ Compensation, and Social Security Disability Insurance.

What are the Benefits of Contingency Fees for Clients?

From a client’s perspective, the primary advantage of a contingency fee is not having to pay to hire the lawyer. This allows a client to retain a lawyer that otherwise may have been unaffordable.

Another advantage is that the client does not have to worry about receiving a large bill if the attorney loses the case. This relieves a lot of stress for the client while the case is pending.

The last advantage for the client is that the attorney may be more motivated to win the case. The attorney will not get paid unless the case is won – just like the client. This mutual risk helps the client feel more confident that the attorney is doing a good job, which can also reduce stress.

What are the Disadvantages of Contingency Fees for Clients?

Unfortunately, contingency fee arrangements also come with disadvantages for clients. One major disadvantage is that prospective lawyers are usually more selective in the cases that they take for a contingency fee. Attorneys obviously want to get paid, so they are typically less willing to take risky cases on a contingency fee basis. This may make it more difficult for a client to hire an attorney.

Another disadvantage is that, if the case is won, the client may ultimately pay more in contingency fees than if the case had been taken on an hourly basis. For example, if an attorney performs 10 hours of work and settles a case for $300,000, the attorney would get $100,000 in fees under a one-third contingency retainer. In that same example, the attorney only would have received $5,000 in fees under a $500 hourly rate retainer.

Bail Bonds and Bail Hearings

When a person is arrested and has been charged with a crime they are placed into police custody. However, in some instances they can apply for bail. This is the process of agreeing to pay a set amount of money in exchange for the accused person’s release. The accused person can then spend the time awaiting the trial in his or her own home instead of a jail cell.

Subsequently, A bail hearing is when a court will meet to decide if the accused can be let out of jail. The hearing will also decide the amount of money that the bail is set at. During this hearing the judge will take into account issues or concerns that could impact their decision.

Issues taken into account during one of these hearings:

  • The criminal history of the applicant
  • The financial situation of the application
  • The physical and psychological condition of the application
  • The home life and family situation of the applicant
  • If the applicant has a history of substance abuse
  • The length of time the applicant has lived in the local community
  • If the applicant has previously appeared at court dates

If the judge believes that the accused could be flight risk or a danger to the community or themselves then they will not be granted bail. However, even if it is granted there can still be restrictions. A curfew can be imposed on the accused along with requiring regular drug and alcohol tests.

person in cuffs awaiting bail

The term posting bail refers to the actual act of paying the amount to the courts. Once the amount has been paid to the court an official document stating that bail was granted will be issued and the accused can be released from custody. Upon appearing in court at the appointed dates and times you will receive the full amount back.

Not everyone has the money to post themselves and in this instance a bail bond can be purchased to secure the accused’s release. A bail bondman will post on behalf of the accused but instead the accused will need to pay around 10% to the bondsman. If bail is posted using this type of service, then the amount paid to the bail company will not be returned or repaid.

In some cases the accused will be released without having to pay anything. Instead the accused will have to sign a legally binding statement that indicates that they will turn up to their court date. This option is often available to people who are only charged with minor crimes with no criminal history. Yet if the accused fails to appear in court a warrant will be issued for their arrest and you may be held without bail until your trial.

Lawyers and Social Media

In this age of social media, not even the practice of law has been left untouched. The job of a lawyer has become intertwined with social media. From the use of social media marketing to the advent of the social media lawyer, the possibilities are endless.

Social Media Marketing
This is an easy way to market a law firm. It employs the use of social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Pinterest. For a lawyer to be successful in social media marketing, they should maintain a social media presence.

This can be achieved by regularly updating content on to the account in question. Apart from frequency, quality of content is also of great concern. People cannot be fooled by sub-par content.

It is better to upload good content once a week than to daily post low-quality content. Lawyers pursuing this kind of marketing should also find a way to get referrals from reputable lawyers with a greater following than them. Posting links to blog articles by the firm can also enable potential clients to learn more about the firm.

Social Media Law
A social media lawyer is a lawyer that deals with cases resulting from the use of social media. Cyber-bullying and identity theft are, but about a few of the cases, they dabble in. In this day and age, the demand for social media lawyers is increasing.

This has led to the establishment of law firms that only deal with social media law. These social media law firms are increasing by the day. As much as this career path is currently marketable, the work involved is not easy.

To become a social media lawyer, you need much more than a law degree. You need to keep up to date with the ever-changing laws that govern privacy, copyright, and social media marketing among many others.

Ordinary people using social media should also be careful not to find themselves on the wrong side of the law because of it. Frequent users of social media should always ensure they are aware of the privacy policies and any terms of service associated with contests and promotions.

People with online businesses or those who participate in social media marketing must especially be careful not to fall on the wrong side of the law. Where it becomes difficult to understand the laws and policies concerning this, the help of a social media lawyer should be employed.

Should the Drinking Age Be Lowered

Should the Drinking Age Be Lowered?

In my opinion, absolutely not. No, nada, nope. Listen, I hope that I don’t seem too conservative in my posts. I am not a conservative. I am also not a liberal. I am just a person who tends to think with my emotions first, who tries to end the day thinking with my rationality last.

I’m not sure how a lot of people feel about this issue. But I do know that a lot of people tend to compare being able to go to war at 18, with being able to drink at the age of 18. I can understand that. We are allowed to risk our lives at the age of 18, so why can’t we drink at the age 18? Well, I have an answer for that. Technically, you are still risking your life when you drink at the age of 18. Unlike going to the military, where you are trained to go to war and protect your country, there aren’t too many training courses on how to drink, other than telling people not to drink and drive.

18 or 21 drinking image

And to be honest, it’s not something that you can really train people. To me, it’s something that comes with maturity, and that comes with mental development. A lot of people I know drank alcohol completely different at age 21 than they do at age 25. You gain more insight, awareness, and experiences as you get older. When you are young, I feel that you drink for the feeling and to fit in. When you get older, you drink for the social aspect and as a relaxation method. I do not feel that an 18-year-old is at the maturity level to really understand the effects the alcohol can have on the body. I honestly do not think that a lot of 21-year-olds do either.

So, in case you didn’t catch it the first time, no, I do not think that the drinking age should be lowered. Maturity takes time, and 18 is not enough time. Do you agree? Disagree? Let me know what you think!